The RELIGIOUS method of animal slaughter(DHABH) is the direct method which is done without the use of any type of stunning .It is the same method which was adopted and practiced by all the prophets of GOD(peace be upon them). ESPECIALLY BY: -Abraham,the father of the prophets -Moses for the Jews(Kosher) -Jesus for the Christians(Kosher) -And finally by the prophet Muhammad for the Muslims(Halal) No doubt the act of slaughter is a motive and frightening view to watch:A knife doing the cut in the neck,blood coming out,convulsions and contractions…then death! Public at large has thought over the years that this act of cutting is “painful and cruel to the animal” But this was a mere SUBJECTIVE feeling which was not based on any OBJECTIVE evidence or fact. -Till now,there is no single scientific medical evidence in the whole world which has prooved that the divine method of animal slaughter does cause pain to the animal and is cruel when it is done properly and professionally.We offer a challenge to all to bring us one authentic study? It is mere illusion and delusion. -The animal ,after the proper cut,keeps still and does not move at all,one can see that clearly:a gap between the cut and the start of the normal physiological convulsions and contractions ! If the cut does cause pain,so why the animal keeps still for a while after the cut? It is only later, these physiological contractions and convulsions do occur when the brain has been deprived from blood, and in order to bring blood quickly to the dying brain(Haemorrhagic shock/instantaneous “ANAESTHESIA”). To the lay public, these contractions and convulsions are because of “pain” felt by the animal after the cut,but this is not true and there is no evidence for that. -In a German research studies on pain,professor Wilhelm Schulze and his colleague Dr Hazim at the school of Veterinary Medicine,Hannover university in Germany ,have prooved through EEG(Electric recording of the brain) comparative medical studies that the animal does not feel “pain” when the cut is done properly. And evidences of “pain” were noticed when stunning has been used,according to the EEG records. The study is called: “ATTEMPTS TO OBJECTIFY PAIN AND CONSCIOUSNESS IN CONVENTIONAL(Captive bolt pistol stunning and ritual(halal) methods of slaughtering sheep and calves” The conclusion of the study was: THE ISLAMIC SLAUGHTERING OF ANIMAL IS THE MOST HUMANE METHOD OF SLAUGHTER AND THAT THE CAPTIVE BOLT STUNNING PRACTICED IN THE WEST,causes severe pain to the animal. -We all know that electricity,which is used in stunning,is used frequently in the torture of people in prisons as it causes pain Surely every one of us is scad to touch electricity,because of the pain and the burn resulting after. Electricity is used widely in the stunning of sheep and to the poultry in their electrified water bath! Unfortunately these innocent animals can not complaint or speak up! -Doctors who give ECT(Electro convulsive therapy) as a treatment to some psychiatric patients in hospitals as in depression,do it only after giving general anaesthesia first and before applying the electricity to the patient,as it is painful! -There are today in many official and government reports a lot of evidences about the pain and suffering affecting the animals following the use of stunning:Failure of stunning,re-stun,animal conscious and paralysed,unable to walk,burns,broken bones etc… Apart from the cruelty and stress caused by the electric rod, the repeated pushing beating and pinching of the animals in order to move it towards the slaughter’s site???(all these types of cruely are not allowed in Islam) -Many States in the US have banned the Captive bolt pistol for cattle due to the risk of BSE. The EU had a similar decision on the same method. -The Farm Animal Welfare Council(FAWC) in Britain,has concluded in their scientific studies that :THERE IS NO EVIDENCEOF PAIN IN RELIGIOUS SLAUGHTER and that IT IS DIFFICULT TO MEASURE PAIN AND DISTRESS DURING THE SLAUGHTER PROCESS IN AN OBJECTIVE SCIENTIFIC MANNER….(FAWC: Report on the Welfare of Farmed Animals at slaughter or killing:Part 1:Red Meat Animals,June 2003/section 194). -Religious slaughter was considered HUMANE by the US Congress(1958) -New medical studies suggest that ENDORPHINS secretions(natural pain killers in the animal body,as in human too) do occur with the cut,to avoid also the animal from feeling any “pain”. We have to remember also that the threshold to feel pain in the animal is different from man. FROM AN ISLAMIC/RELIGIOUS POINT OF VIEW: -New medical studies from the University of Damascus in Syria,have prooved that the mentioning of the NAME OF GOD(ALLAH )/TASMIAH on the conscious living hearing animal at time of slaughter, do ACT AS A SEDATIVE/TRANQUILLISER to both: man and animal,and will purify too the meat from germs and bacteria.(Fascinating) This interesting medical discovery was repeated many times,and it gave the same result! This was signed by over 25 Professors and doctors in the University.(there are DVD about it in both English and Arabic and a book in Arabic about this discovery) -It is prohibited in Islam to inflict or cause any pain to any animal. (Please see separate the Superior rights of the animal in Islam). -In Islam,every animal is to be handled individually,by a human(familiar),without causing any stress and to give food and water to the animal before and avoiding the animal the sight of any slaughter or blood or sharpening of the knife and to keep the animal in a comfortable position.(ALL THESE ARE BASED IN THE ISLAMIC TEACHINGS) We do admit,as in every community,that some Muslims do not pratice the proper animal welfare and care at time of slaughter or before and it is in our plan to educate and train all for the best welfare and care to the animal before and during the act of slaughter.To educate all about all Hygiene regulations too. We are fully with all the technologies of today before and after the slaughter and with the technology for best appropriate knife to use. Muslims also will be happy to follow all the regulations and the laws of the land and EEC,but without been interfered with their permanent sacred religious act of slaughter,and without the use of any stunning. -Surely GOD the Creator and all his prophets in Judaism,Christianity and Islam,can not be all cruel to the billion of slaughtered animals over the centuries. GOD is called : the most Compassionate,the most Merciful and Muhammad,called the mercy to all the creation(man and animals). -Muslims(and Jews) are ordered clearly in their holy Scriptures to follow their prophets in the act of animal slaughter All Muslims have been warned by the prophet Muhammad(peace be upon him) not to change at all the divine sacred act of animal slaughter. -Many people in the west do not realise that it is forbidden in Islam and for Muslims to: Eat any meat which came from an animal who has died before the cut,consume any blood inside the meat,cause any type of pain and cruelty to any animal,change the natural healthy chemical formula of the meat(not TAYYIB),eat some meat which is risky to health ,eat any contaminated meat with any porcine substances… Unfortunately many of the scientific medical reports on stunning have shown all these forbidden and undesirable outcomes but in different percentages ,when stunning have been used in one way or another. Even if one doubtful about the presence of any of these outcomes,in Islam we are requested to avoid it all. Muslims and Jews and others should have the RELIGIOUS and the HUMAN RIGHTS to practice their religions especially in issues of food meat and diet, especially when it is for their own consumption .
Dr A.Majid Katme(MBBCh,DPM)email@example.comMuslim Spokesman on Halal meat and Food(Islamic Medical Association/UK) Tel no: 0044 7944 240 622 E-mail address:
BOOK: AL-DHABH:SLAYING THE ANIMAL FOR FOOD: THE ISLAMIC WAY
THE DIRECT ACT OF ANIMAL SLAUGHTER(DHABH):
By using a very, very sharp knife (which should be kept like a surgeon’s knife in sharpness and cleanliness, as previously stated by DR Ghulam Khan (UFAW, 1971), a Deep swift cut done instantaneously and quickly to the blood vessels of the neck (the two carotid arteries which carry blood to the brain and head, the two jugular veins which bring blood from the brain back to the heart), the trachea (windpipe) and the oesophagus (gullet), but the central nervous system (the spinal cord) should be kept safe and intact (not cut).
This deep, large cut through all the blood vessels of the neck causes acute blood loss and haemorrhagic shock: we know the blood is under great pressure , especially in the big carotid arteries (systolic pressure ) and at high speed and, according to physical law, the pressure always goes from the high to low resistance – the point of the cut is the scene of low resistance for blood to and from the brain. As we have a fully intact, alive heart, so most of the blood is going to be pumped and poured out instantaneously and quickly under pressure leading to a rapid fall in the blood pressure. Thus depriving the brain of its main source of oxygen and glucose, and with no blood which is necessary to keep the animal alive and functioning and able to deal with any perceptive sensation this leads to anoxia and almost immediate loss of consciousness(anesthetization or “stunning” ). The cerebrospinal fluid pressure falls even more rapidly than the blood pressure because of the jugular veins being cut, and this results in a deep shock and more loss of consciousness.
The animal, at this stage after the cut, is in a stable and quiet state with no movement or any distressed behavior. One would assume, if there was any pain or suffering, it would kick, move or show signs. After this short resting phase, and because the brain is deprived of oxygen and blood due to the huge amount of bleeding, the heartbeats increase in order to increase the flow of blood to the brain and other deprived areas. Tonic and clonic involuntary contractions and convulsions start and occur as automatic physiological reflexes in order to send and push blood up, especially to the brain. These contractions and convulsions are ‘painless’ (not, as the layman would imagine, that the kicking is due to the pain) especially when the animal is already unconscious and still has an intact spinal cord with safe nerve centers to the limbs, muscles and organs. So, we have a huge amount of bleeding from the initial cut then blood loss is continuing with the squeezing pressure of these contractions and convulsions, leading to maximum bleeding-out and less retention of blood in the carcass, giving a better quality of meat [both safer and healthier (this is like direct method of slaughter, “but without stunning”)].
I would like to end this section of my talk with at least one testimony from, for example, Lord Horder GCVO, MD, FRCP, who explained this type of slaughtering scientifically (and without the use of stunning):
‘The animal loses consciousness immediately. It is difficult to conceive a more painless and rapid mode of death; for a few seconds after the cut is made, the animal makes no movement its body is then convulsed, the convulsive movements continue for about a minute and then cease. The interpretation of this fact is clear: the cut is made by a knife so sharp and so skillfully handled that a state of syncope with its associated unconsciousness follows instantaneously upon the severing of the blood pressure. The movement of the animal which begins at about 90 seconds are epileptiform in nature and are due to the blood-less state of the brain (cerebral ischemia with complete anoxaemia). Sensation has been abolished at the moment of the initial syncope.’
Of course, there have been many other statements by eminent scientists giving the same explanations and conclusions about the direct act of slaughtering such as DR Leonard Hill (1923), Sir Lovatt Evans, Professor Harold Burrow, I M Levingen (1979), Professor F R Bell. Mr. Openshaw, Mr. Hayhurst etc. (Some are quoted, in Impact Magazine 1985).
Let me quote Prof. Leonard Hill, F.R.C.V.S, who strongly believed and expressed his views in his article – that the incision applied in the Ritual Slaughter causes no pain. Any Surgeon today knows that sudden big injuries are not felt at the time of infliction. Pain comes later when the wound is (septic, and) inflamed. Structures beneath the skin apart from isolated sensory nerve endings are insensitive to the knife.
Apart from the clear Divine laws and orders to us, and the clear physiological and scientific evidence, I would like to mention one golden rule in Islam which, again, fits into the perfection of mercy to every individual animal:
The rule states “Any action or method which will definitely lead to some harm damage or suffering is to be rejected or, any action which can be suspected to lead to a prohibited act is also to be rejected (e.g. eating dead animals or consuming blood etc.). So any method of slaughtering which can give us more blood or a dead animal [before the cut (for slaughtering) is made] is rejected”
Ref: From the comparative Scientific Medical study
done by Dr Abdul Majid Katme (MBBCh,DPM)
on The Humane Prophetic method of DHABH(animal slaughter) and STUNNING
NO TO POST- CUT STUNNING? I would like give some scientific medical background to this unnecessary new proposed practice of stunning???: -It affects and interferes with the normal natural safe painless quick process of dying and will delay it….. It affects the heart,blood vessels,hormones and chemicals,contractions and convulsions etc…?? -It will damages the natural healthy chemical quality of the meat( becoming not Tayyib) -?can be painful? to the animal. -Is a deviation from prophet’s Muhammad humane way of Dhabh and we have been warned by the prophet that he will “fight us” if we did not do Zabiha exactly like him.. -In Islam: the welfare of the animal is first and before any more profit or money. – the electricity is applied before the end of the blood drainage which does depend on strong beating heart and strong active convulsions and contractions. – the electricity can stop the heart of some animals, and this will cause a reduction in the amount of blood that will flow from the animal and the animal might die from the stunning/MITAH which makes the meat HARAM to eat? -At least it is SHUBUHA/doubtful(animal dies before ,blood stays more inside the meat/animal? So we should avoid the eating of this doubtful meat. – the electric shock will immobilize the animal and the natural painless contractions and convulsions will not be able to take place, and it will reduce too the amount of blood that will flow from the animal. – the death on the animal take place very quickly in the prophetic method/no stunning , in less than a minute … -Finally I would like to inform you that this method is used for only economic questions/GREED (to kill more animals per Hour) because when the animal is slaughtered correctly by the Methode of our prophet (SAAWS), it became unconscious very quickly, after few seconds.(It will be useful to make some medical research and studies on this new proposal: Stunning after the cut?) Dr A. Majid Katme (MBBCh, DPM) Ex-President Islamic Medical Association/UK