FATAWAS against stunning and mechanical slaughter
Written by Member: Habeeb
Member's email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Title: What Constitutes Halal Meat?
With regards to meat that is not slaughtered according
to Islamic rites, (Quran 6:121, 2:168, 5:3, 6:145) Dr Ahmad
Sakr, expert on Halal certification in USA, says it is not
Halal because of the effect electric shock has on blood
drainage. Using electric shock, explains Sakr,
means that all of the animal's blood does not leave
its body, because electric shock affects the central nervous
system. It is Haram to eat meat containing blood,
as it is clearly stated in the Quran that Muslims cannot
consume blood. "Halal is Halal if the following conditions
are taken into consideration," explains Sakr.
The first is that the animal is itself is Halal. That means
no pork, for instance.
The second, is that the food the animal consumes does
not contain any blood or meat. Sakr explains that
the animal has to be herbivorous to be Halal, and adds that
an animal becomes Haram if it consumes blood and /or meat.
The third condition Sakr lists for an animal to be Halal
is that it should not be given any hormones.
In the meat industry, he says beef and chicken are given
female sex hormones. This is meant to increase the weight
of the animal in a short period of time.
The effect of consuming an animal with injected female
hormones is a reduction in the masculine appearance of boys
and men and Sakr mentioned "KFC and and MacDonald's"
as two examples. The meat industry also puts the preservatives
nitrite or nitrate in meat. These react with the amino group
of amino acids of the meat or protein to produce nitroso-amine.
This is red pigment. This results in meat still looking
red in its color, as if it is fresh, even if it has been
on the shelf for one or two weeks. While this may be good
for industry, it causes cancer.
A point to note is all KFC chickens labeled "certified
Halal" in Muslim countries are slaughtered by Muslims
by reciting Bismillah-Allah-hu-Akbar during the process.
Birds are slaughtered manually and not mechanically.
Mufti Ebrahim Desai, Darul Ifta, Madrasah
In'aamiyyah, Camperdown, South Africa explains mechanical
slaughter is of three types:
1- Chickens are transported to the place of slaughter
through a conveyer belt and are manually slaughtered. If
there is certainty that the chicken is alive and the Muslim
slaughterer recites the name of Allah upon slaughtering,
then the chicken is Halal. In this case, only the transportation
is mechanical but the slaughtering is manual. This procedure
is unanimously permissible and recommended.
2- Chickens are transported by means of the conveyer belt
to the mechanical slaughter blade. Once the mechanical plant
comes into operation, the blade also comes into operation
and cuts the chicken. This procedure is not permissible.
It does not matter if the plant and the blades are controlled
together or separately.
3- The chickens are transported by means of the conveyer
belt to many slaughter blades and every blade is controlled
separately by a Muslim who recites the name of Allah upon
effecting the mechanical slaughter. This procedure conforms
to the principles of Sharée Zabh set out by the Fuqahaa.
According to our knowledge, such a procedure does not yet
"Except that which you slaughter." Quran 5:3.
implies that the slaughterer himself has to hold the knife
and recite the prayer and merely praying over a mechanical
knife is unlawful. Justice Maulana Mufti M. Taqi Usmani
Member Shariat appellate Bench, Supreme Court of Pakistan;
Deputy Chairman, Islamic Fiqh Academy (OIC) Jeddah; Vice-President,
Darul-Uloom Karachi, Pakistan states that each chicken must
have an independent recitation of the prayer and whenever
the entire neck is severed it will be considered foul and
reprehensible. Mufti Allah Bakhsh Jami'at ul Uloom il Islamiyyah,
Allama Banuri Town, Karachi, Pakistan differentiates between
shooting an arrow whilst praying and that of praying over
a machine; the former is done out of helplessness where
generally arrows kill the animal, unlike the manual slaughter
where one has the full control and ease.
The Islamic Food and Nutrition Council of America, among
the few U.S. groups that certify halal producers, who authorized
more than 200 North American businesses, ranging from small
producers to corporations whose product lines include goods
for export to Muslim countries, have conditioned having
a Muslim Supervisor throughout these operations, including
while transporting the certified meat and preparing it in
restaurants, since only his word could be taken legally.
In addition meat done by Christians and Jews may be Kosher
but not necessarily Halal since they differ at times in
terms of alcohol content, meat derivatives and L-cystein
produced from human hair.
Kosher foods may contain alcohol, gelatin prepared from
swine, animal fat not slaughtered in God's name. All of
these are definitely anti-Halal. Halal foods must come from
animals that were slaughtered while Muslims pronounce the
name of Allah or His Oneness. Just No electric shocks, No
Central Halal Committee of Guyana www.understanding-islam.com